He then discovered that his family’s lands had been completely taken over by the new Norman overlords and that his brother had been killed and his head placed on a spike. My name is Hannah, and I’m passionate about history. Hereward evidently felt that he needed to make a stand. The earliest references to his parentage are found in the Gesta Herewardi, which records he was the son of Edith, a descendant of Oslac of York. Hereward is a Persona in Persona 5 Royal. Hereward, by all accounts, a hot-headed young man, was exiled from England at the age of eighteen for disobedience to his father, and was declared an outlaw by the Saxon King Edward the Confessor. Hereward's former gaoler persuaded the king to negotiate again, and he was eventually pardoned by William. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Hereward the Wake In 1070 CE Asbjorn's Danish force had been depleted by the hunger and the cold of the harsh winter but they were now bolstered by the arrival of reinforcements led by Sweyn himself. Leofric of Mercia and his wife Lady Godiva 3. Some say that he was killed by Norman soldiers, while others say that he lived out the rest of his days in exile. Known in his own time as Herward the Outlaw, the epithet "the Wake" is first mentioned in the late fourteenth-century Peterborough Chronicle, which could either derive from 'watchful' or from the Wake family, Norman landowners who acquired his lands in Bourne, Lincolnshire, after his death, they claimed descent from Hereward's daughter by his second wife, Alftruda. The most famous of these rebels is Hereward the Wake (also known as Hereward the Outlaw or Hereward the Exile), a brave Anglo-Saxon leader who some say was the influence behind the stories of Robin Hood. Hereward was born, according to a variety of sometimes dubious records, somewhere around 1035. As the legend goes, however, he soon had a change of heart. The next day fourteen Norman heads had replaced that of his brother at the gate. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. His epithet “the Wake” has come to … By guest blogger Kerri Worrall, Greater Anglia. With the aid of the Danes, ‘Hereward and his crew’ stormed and sacked Peterborough Abbey, claiming that he wished to save the Abbey's treasures from the rapacious Normans. The earliest references to his parentage are found in the Gesta Herewardi, which records he was the son of Edith, a descendant of Oslac of York. He was declared an outlaw by Edward the Confessor: and it is perhaps important here to dissect what is meant by “outlaw”. Along the Hereward Line railway between Ely and Peterborough, travel in the footsteps of hero, legend and, perhaps, "the last true Englishman" – Hereward the Wake.. Hereward the Wake was a fiery Anglo-Saxon nobleman who successfully defended the area for a time against the Norman Conquest in the 11th Century. Recent research by Peter Rex has put forward the plausible theory that Hereward may have been the son of a prominent Anglo-Danish magnate called Asketil, the brother of Abbot Brand. Please comment below. Follow Historia Marginalia on WordPress.com, The Talented, Passionate, and nearly Ignored: Female Artists in the Early Modern Period. His epithet “the Wake” has come to be interpreted as meaning “watchful”. ( Log Out /  p. 334. Hereward may have been an exciting hero for the early English, but to put him in the category of modern-day xenophobia would be an insult to the legend of a man whose battle against the Normans was more of a fight against severe oppression than a battle founded in the fear of anything remotely foreign. After returning briefly to the continent while the heated situation cooled, he returned again to England. Thank you for reading! Leofric of Bourne and his wife Edith 2. The legends surrounding Hereward state that the third time, while William was encamped at Brandon, Hereward rode there, meeting a potter, whom he persuaded to exchange clothes, in disguise and carrying their potter's wares, he daringly managed to enter William's camp and overheard his plans. Change ), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), The Talented, Passionate, and nearly Ignored: Female Artists in the Early Modern Period. His name is suspiciously apt for his future role in life: the “here” part comes from “army”, and “ward” comes from “weard”, or “guard”. Before his exile, Hereward had lands as a tenant of Croyland Abbey at Crowland, eight miles to the east of Market Deeping in the neighbouring fenland. They consist of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles, the Domesday Book, the Liber Eliensis (Book of Ely), and much the most detailed, the Gesta Herwardi Saxonis ('Deeds of Hereward the Saxon'), compiled by monastic scholars in the eleventh century. Hereward the Wake, that Anglo-Saxon rebel whose ideals of fighting a common enemy of oppression for the people, and whose memory has somewhat been eclipsed by the more recent figure of Robin Hood, had a remarkable life (although the fact and the fiction intertwine quite a lot). The Outlaws of Medieval Legend by Maurice Keen Hereward the Wake was an 11th century leader in England who led resistance to the Norman Conquest and was consequently labelled an outlaw.He may have been British, or Danish, or Anglo-Danish. Annoyed with the fact that the old Anglo-Saxon abbey had been turned into a Norman abbey, with a new Norman abbot, he raided the abbey at night with his men and looted the abbey’s ancient and valuable treasures and relics. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Historians cite the following as possible parents of Hereward: 1. He was an 11th-century leader of local resistance to the Norman conquest of England: a conquest which was, in many parts, an incredibly violent and bloody experience for native Englishmen. 'On the eighth day they all advanced to attack the island with their entire force, placing the witch in an elevated position in their midst. I think this is a shame. Hereward the Wake, (flourished 1070–71), Anglo-Saxon rebel against William the Conqueror and the hero of many Norman and English legends.He is associated with a region in present-day Huntingdonshire and Northamptonshire. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. As a young man Hereward was banished from Lincolnshire by Edward the Confessor as a troublemaker.. After William the Conqueror gained control of England Hereward's lands were given to Oger the Breton. Many other adventures are documented, and for many, Hereward became a popular local hero and legend for his role in making life more difficult for the Norman invaders. From what has been pieced together, we know that Hereward gathered a large amount of followers and fighters who also wanted to express their dissatisfaction with the Norman conquest and that he also had close relations with the Danes. Hereward evidently was not a model citizen, and this grey area of his morals perhaps creates a literary hero who is more relatable than the gilded, faultless heroes from the Age of Chivalry. William the Conqueror led an army to Ely, where Hereward, joined by a small army led by Morcar, the former Saxon Earl of Northumbria, made a desperate stand. 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