[19] It takes about 7–12 days to germinate at 32–38 °C. The ghost pepper (also known as Bhut Jolokia) is significantly hotter at 855,000 to 1,041, 427 Scoville heat units. Bhut Orange Copenhagen. [5][6] It is a hybrid of Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens and is closely related to the Naga Morich. Red Savina habanero. In 2000, India's Defence Research Laboratory (DRL) reported a Scoville rating for the ghost pepper of 855,000 SHUs,[14] and in 2004 a rating of 1,041,427 SHUs was made using HPLC analysis. The Bhut Orange Copenhagen, or BOC is a hybrid pepper based on the Bhut Jolokia/Naga (Ghost Pepper) family. The most common color for ripe ghost peppers is red. This is definitely one of our favorites. The ghost chili can be 2 to 10 times hotter, so it’s a significant uptick in heat. [10] In Assamese, bih means poison and zôlôkia means chili or pepper, making the literal translation poison pepper, obviously referring to its extreme spiciness. Red ghost peppers, the most well-known variety, are extremely spicy. The Bhut Orange Copenhagen, or BOC is a hybrid pepper based on the Bhut Jolokia/Naga (Ghost Pepper) family. 3. This superhot chilli pepper was developed in Denmark. In 2005, New Mexico State University's Chile Pepper Institute in Las Cruces, New Mexico[16] found ghost peppers grown from seed in southern New Mexico to have a Scoville rating of 1,001,304 SHUs by HPLC. It is a hybrid of Capsicum chinense and Capsicum frutescens and is closely related to the Naga Morich. The peppers with the smallest Scoville units are bell peppers. It’s one of the hottest peppers in the world and a one-time Guinness Book of World Records champ. BOC plants are quite prolific and take between 70-90 days to fruit. C. Chinense. [26], Ghost pepper leaf, about 10-day-old plant, Ghost pepper leaf, about 30-day-old plant, Ghost pepper plant, 40 days old, grown in coco peat, Chili pepper cultivated in Northeast India. The peppers increase in intensity from there. Orange ghost peppers ar… The peppers are shaped like a cone with a spherical top and pointed bottom, covered in thin, bumpy skin. [10] Other usages on the subcontinent are Saga jolokia, Indian mystery chili and Indian rough chili.[10]. The ghost pepper,[2][3] also known as bhut jolokia (which literally means Bhutanese chili in Assamese[4]), is an interspecific hybrid chili pepper cultivated in Northeast India. The taste – how similar are they? [10] This name is especially common in other regions where it is grown, such as Assam and Manipur. Unlike the the Bhut Jolokia, this hybrid is less hot and more fruity sweet – a flavor combination that more and more people are falling in love with. [23][24] The DRDO said that ghost pepper-based aerosol sprays could be used as a "safety device", and "civil variants" of chili grenades could be used to control and disperse mobs. This superhot chilli pepper was developed in Denmark. All varieties of hot peppers are measured on the Scoville Scale, but here are a few of the more common ones: Ghost pepper scoville units are 800,000 to 1,001,300 SHU; Habanero Scoville units are a whopping 150,000 to 575,000 SHU The ghost chili is rated at more than one million Scoville Heat Units (SHUs). 2011. [4], In Assam,[9] the pepper is also known as bih zôlôkia ('poison chili'), denoting the plant's heat. This superhot chilli pepper was developed in Denmark. Usually, ghost peppers are around three inches long and about one inch wide. Defence Research and Development Organisation, https://www.frontalagritech.com/chillies-peppers-herbs, "Ghost peppers are saving U.S. grasslands—by scaring off hungry mice", "The Incredible Story of Bhut Jolokia: From Rural India to Dumb YouTube Stunts", "NMSU is home to the world's hottest chile pepper", https://chili-plant.com/chilli-varieties/bhut-jolokia-chili/, "Genetic Variability and Traditional Practices in Naga King Chili Landraces of Nagaland", https://smallaxepeppers.com/2019/05/01/how-hot-is-a-ghost-pepper/, "Capsaicin Content and Pungency of Different Capsicum spp. 500,000-800,000 SHU. [22], In 2009, scientists at India's Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) announced plans to use the peppers in hand grenades as a nonlethal method to control rioters with pepper sprays or in self-defence. This is definitely one of our favorites. But they also come in yellow, orange, white, brown (chocolate), peach, and even purple. [18] However, the red fruit variety has two different types: the rough, dented fruit and the smooth fruit. It is extensively cultivated in northeastern India, especially in the states of Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. 1. Redwood City Seed Company, Observations on the variations in the Bhut Jolokia pepper from seed reproduction growouts. [8], The name bhüt jolokia (ভোট জলকীয়া) means Bhutanese pepper in Assamese; the first element bhüt, meaning Bhutanese, was mistakenly confused for a near-homonym bhut meaning ghost, thus producing the English (mis-)translation "ghost pepper". Ripe peppers measure 60 to 85 mm (2.4 to 3.3 in) long and 25 to 30 mm (1.0 to 1.2 in) wide with a red, yellow, orange, or chocolate color. [11], In Nagaland, one of the regions of cultivation, the chili is called Naga jolokia ('Naga chili'; also romanized nôga zôlôkia) and bhut jolokia (also romanized bhût zôlôkiya). [7], In 2007, Guinness World Records certified that the ghost pepper was the world's hottest chili pepper, 400 times hotter than Tabasco sauce. However, in the race to grow the hottest pepper, the ghost chili was superseded by the Trinidad Scorpion Butch T pepper in 2011 and Carolina Reaper in 2013. The ghost pepper, also known as bhut jolokia and it literally means ghost chili in Assamese is an interspecific hybrid chili pepper cultivated in Northeast India. Before the arrival of the ghost pepper, the Red Savina habanero held the title … [15] For comparison, Tabasco red pepper sauce rates at 2,500–5,000, and pure capsaicin (the chemical responsible for the pungency of pepper plants) rates at 16,000,000 SHUs. "The origin of the Chili lies in the north-eastern of India, in the region of Assam.". The habanero has a slightly fruity flavor that makes it a favorite. It is popularly used in combination with pork or dried or fermented fish. Cultivars", "NMSU: The Chile Pepper Institute - Home", "Novel Formation of Ectopic (Nonplacental) Capsaicinoid Secreting Vesicles on Fruit Walls Explains the Morphological Mechanism for Super-hot Chile Peppers", "World's Hottest Chile Used as Elephant Repellent", "The Gut-Wrenching Science Behind the World's Hottest Peppers", "Army's new weapon: world's hottest chili - Trends News - IBNLive", "South Asia | India plans hot chilli grenades", "India scientists hail 'multi-purpose' chillis", "Army used 'chilly grenades' to flush out Pak terrorist Sajjad Ahmed from a cave", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ghost_pepper&oldid=990612633, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Red is the most common, with orange, yellow and chocolate as rarer varieties, This page was last edited on 25 November 2020, at 14:12. The rough fruit plants are taller, with more fragile branches, while the smooth fruit plants yield more fruit and is a compact with sturdier branches. [25] Chili grenades made from ghost peppers were successfully used by the Indian Army in August 2015 to flush out a terrorist hiding in a cave. Ghost Pepper Plant Scoville, Colors and [Updated] Grow Guide Ghost pepper pods are unique among peppers because of their characteristic shape and very thin skin. Unlike the the Bhut Jolokia, this hybrid is less hot and more fruity sweet – a flavor combination that more and more people are falling in love with. Trinidad Scorpion Butch T (1,463,700 SHU) This cultivar of the Trinidad Scorpion is the pride and joy … [6] It is used in both fresh and dried forms to "heat up" curries, pickles and chutneys. Brazillian Ghost Brown, Naga Jolakia, Naga King, 7 Pot Brain Strain x Scotch Bonnet Yellow, 7 Pot Primo, & Pot Primo Chocolate, Sepia Serpent 350.000-580,000 Red Habanero, Red Savina This is the bad boy of the chili world, weighing in from 855,000 Scoville heat units to an eye-popping 1,041,427 SHU! [12] In Manipur, the chili is called umorok[13] or oo-morok ('tree chili'). Ghost peppers are used as a food and a spice. In northeastern India, the peppers are smeared on fences or incorporated in smoke bombs as a safety precaution to keep wild elephants at a distance. Yellow ghost peppers are not quite as spicy as the red, but they’re otherwise very similar. That’s what you have with the ghost pepper, otherwise known as Bhut Jolokia. The unselected strain of ghost peppers from India is an extremely variable plant, with a wide range in fruit sizes and fruit production per plant, and offers huge potential for developing much better strains through selection in the future. [5] Unlike most peppers, ghost peppers produce capsaicin in vesicles found in both the placenta around the seeds and throughout the fruit, rather than just in the placenta.[17].