Proud member v. Finally, when it comes to understanding the interpretation and the demands of the law, we do well to remember another aspect of Jesus’ teaching on the law: in focusing on the command to love God and our neighbor, we will rightly understand the demands and details of the law (Matthew 22:37-40). for whatsoever is more than these cometh of evil--not "of the evil one"; though an equally correct rendering of the words, and one which some expositors prefer. The explanation of this lies in the fact that it is generally "the poor of this world" who are "rich in faith" ( James 2:5 ; compare 2 Corinthians 6:10 , Revelation 2:9 ); while it is often "the ungodly" who "prosper in the world" ( Psalms 73:12 ). but if the salt have lost his savour--"become unsavory" or "insipid"; losing its saline or salting property. But how, it may be asked, are Christians to do this office for their fellow men, if their righteousness only exasperate them, and recoil, in every form of persecution, upon themselves? Evidently it is that entire feeling which the sense of our spiritual poverty begets; and so the second beatitude is but the complement of the first. But the days of our mourning shall soon be ended, and then God shall wipe away all tears from our eyes. 31. And whosoever shall compel thee to go a mile, go with him twain--an allusion, probably, to the practice of the Romans and some Eastern nations, who, when government despatches had to be forwarded, obliged the people not only to furnish horses and carriage.s, but to give personal attendance, often at great inconvenience, when required. "Whosoever sinneth hath not seen Him, neither known Him" ( 1 John 3:6 ); "He that doeth evil hath not seen God" ( 3 John 1:11 ). 5. 26. that is, wherein do ye excel? for he maketh his sun--"your Father's sun." 5 Blessed are the meek, For they shall inherit the earth. IDENTITY OF THESE PRINCIPLES WITH THOSE OF THE ANCIENT ECONOMY; IN CONTRAST WITH THE REIGNING TRADITIONAL TEACHING. offend thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee; for it is profitable, such stern truths and awful lessons seems characteristic of our Lord's manner of teaching. It may seem strange that Jesus passes so quickly from peacemaking in the previous beatitude to persecution—from the work of reconciliation to the experience of hostility. The Apostle Paul wrote much the same thing: Now the purpose of the commandment is love from a pure heart, from a good conscience, and from sincere faith. 11. This shows that such counsels as "Owe no man anything" ( Romans 13:8 ), are not to be taken absolutely; else the Scripture commendations of the righteous for "lending" to his necessitous brother ( Psalms 37:36 , 112:5 , Luke 6:37 ) would have no application. We have here the converse of the preceding lessons. It transports us to the moment when the Israelite, having brought his sacrifice to the court of the Israelites, awaited the instant when the priest would approach to receive it at his hands. 1. And just as swearing to the truth of what we say begets the disposition it is designed to remove, so the love and reign of truth in the breasts of Christ's disciples reveals itself so plainly even to those who themselves cannot be trusted, that their simple Yes and No come soon to be more relied on than the most solemn asseverations of others. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. and whosoever shall marry her that is divorced--for anything short of conjugal infidelity. 6:25; (Matt. We may request cookies to be set on your device. Frivolous oaths were indeed severely condemned in the teaching of the times. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. But I say unto you--Mark the authoritative tone in which--as Himself the Lawgiver and Judge--Christ now gives the true sense, and explains the deep reach, of the commandment. Ye are the light of the world--This being the distinctive title which our Lord appropriates to Himself ( John 8:12 , 9:5 ; and see John 1:4 John 1:9 , 3:19 , John 12:35 John 12:36 )--a title expressly said to be unsuitable even to the highest of all the prophets ( John 1:8 )--it must be applied here by our Lord to His disciples only as they shine with His light upon the world, in virtue of His Spirit dwelling in them, and the same mind being in them which was also in Christ Jesus. his disciples came unto him--already a large circle, more or less attracted and subdued by His preaching and miracles, in addition to the smaller band of devoted adherents. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. and it giveth light--shineth "unto all that are in the house.". The expression, "till all be fulfilled," is much the same in meaning as "it shall be had in undiminished and enduring honor, from its greatest to its least requirements." It is the enduring stability, then, of the great truths and principles, moral and spiritual, of the Old Testament revelation which our Lord thus expresses. The inward vision thus clarified, and the whole inner man in sympathy with God, each looks upon the other with complacency and joy, and we are "changed into the same image from glory to glory." he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven--As the thing spoken of is not the practical breaking, or disobeying, of the law, but annulling or enervating its obligation by a vicious system of interpretation, and teaching others to do the same; so the thing threatened is not exclusion from heaven, and still less the lowest place in it, but a degraded and contemptuous position in the present stage of the kingdom of God. 30. (Compare Matthew 18:30 Matthew 18:34 ). But here the explanatory words, "in spirit," fix the sense to "those who in their deepest consciousness realize their entire need" (compare the Greek of Luke 10:21 , John 11:33 , 13:21 , Acts 20:22 , Romans 12:11 , 1 Corinthians 5:3 , Philippians 3:3 ). Blessed are the poor in spirit — The word μακαριοι, here rendered blessed, properly means happy, and it may be better to translate it so, because our Lord seems to intimate by it, not only that the dispositions here recommended are the way to future blessedness, but that they immediately confer the truest and most noble felicity. When therefore He adds, even as your Father which is in heaven is perfect--He refers to that fullorbed glorious completeness which is in the great Divine Model, "their Father which is in heaven.". The one is the intellectual, the other the emotional aspect of the same thing. but whosoever shall do and teach them--whose principles and teaching go to exalt the authority and honor of God's law, in its lowest as well as highest requirements. The "judgment," as already explained, was the lowest of these; the "council," or "Sanhedrim,"which sat at Jerusalem--was the highest; while the word used for "hell-fire" contains an allusion to the "valley of the son of Hinnom" ( Joshua 18:16 ). We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. of your Father which is in heaven--The meaning is, "that ye may show yourselves to be such by resembling Him" (compare Matthew 5:9 , Ephesians 5:1 ). The one has a natural tendency to beget the other. Sometimes the first is urged upon him as an argument for showing mercy--"forgiving one another, as Christ forgave you" ( Colossians 3:13 , Ephesians 4:32 ): sometimes the last--"Blessed are the merciful: for they shall obtain mercy"; "Forgive, and ye shall be forgiven" ( Luke 6:37 , 5:9 ). But who can reasonably imagine such a thing, just after the most solemn and emphatic proclamation of the perpetuity of the law, and the honor and glory in which it was to be held under the new economy? Salem Media Group. one of these least commandments--an expression equivalent to "one of the least of these commandments." Nay; but before another step is taken--even before the offering is presented--this reconciliation is to be sought, though the gift have to be left unoffered before the altar. iii. one tittle--one of those little strokes by which alone some of the Hebrew letters are distinguished from others like them. Ye have heard that it hath been said--( Leviticus 19:18 ). “Jesus is saying that the true direction in which the law has always pointed is not towards mere judicial restraints, concessions rising out of the hardness of men’s hearts…nor even to the ‘law of love’…No, it pointed to all the perfection of God, exemplified by the authoritative interpretation of the law.” (Carson), ii.