The Great Fire of London happened more than 350 years ago. 3 September 1666, during the day The fire was successfully held back at St Dunstan-in-the-East, thanks to the efforts of a group of schoolboys. NOTABLY, in the aftermath of the fire, London’s building codes – already strict “on paper” were strengthened and, more importantly, firmly enforced. The technology to build fire-resistant structures is more than 5,000 years old, and in the past few millennia it has been improved. ( Log Out /  More than 80 churches, in those days the center of neighborhood life, and more than 13,000 homes were gone. No longer would wooden buildings be permitted; no longer would thatched rooves be allowed. The Great Fire of London happened 351 years ago last month. The Lord Mayor of London was unwilling to take action against the fire, and though it was contrary to tradition and law, ultimately King Charles II commanded the creation of fire breaks which required that rows of houses and shops and warehouses be pulled down or, ultimately, blown up with gunpowder. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. The presence of so much ready fuel – the structures themselves – plus the additional effect of stores of good such as turpentine, pitch, hemp, and timber – all so necessary for a maritime economy – as well as enormous amounts of gunpowder which was inevitable in a great military capital, meant that the fire was able to burn with an unusual intensity: ingots of steel and bronze liquified in the heat and poured like water into gutters running into the Thames. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Any new buildings in London were required to be constructed of stone or brick, with rooves of tile or slate. Change ). The Great Fire of London happened 351 years ago last month. The fire was fiercely fueled by the fact that the vast majority of London’s buildings were made of wood. 4 September 1666, 6am But King Charles II knew that England could not long stand without London in full working order – England was even then still engaged in a costly and dangerous war with The Netherlands. 2:00 a.m. – the time Pepys was woken by his wife, reporting new cries of “Fire!”. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. And until 1997, when the recreated Globe Theater was constructed, these restrictions were rigidly enforced. Read all the most fascinating facts and figures about Thursday, the final day of the Great Fire of London 1666, from the major to the minor details. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Above: Map showing the extent of the fire at the close of Tuesday (arrow points to Pudding Lane, where the fire started). Above: Map showing the extent of the fire at the close of Sunday (arrow points to Pudding Lane, where the fire started). Why do we still build with so much fire fuel? There was no way to escape vast fire damage during The Blitz when German bombers carpeted whole neighborhoods of the great city with incendiary explosives. -=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=- I have always wondered why it is that in our nation, particularly in areas where fire is a frequent and devastating impact, we still gladly and blithely accept the practice of building our homes and schools and churches and places of business out of easily flammable and readily combustible material? Between Sunday, 2 September 1666 and early Wednesday 5 September 1666, the Old City of London was almost completely destroyed by a devastating conflagration known ever after as The Great Fire of London. 2 shillings – the cost of hiring a cart the day before the fire. By the 1660s, London was by far the largest city in Britain, estimated at half a million inhabitants. But given current events, it is perhaps pertinent and fitting to speak about this historical event as fires yet rage in California. Read on for the key facts from the third day of the Great Fire of London. 5:00 a.m. – the approximate time that the King Charles II and the Duke of York rode through the city to give encouragement to people fighting the fire. ( Log Out /  It destroyed a large part of the City of London, including most of the civic buildings, old St. Paul’s Cathedral, 87 parish churches, and about 13,000 houses. Though London went up in flames several times as the Blitz was,... Be allowed young friend, Will Hewer, made their escape by boat to Woolwich has been improved 80. This topic is not inspired by a long past event on this date an. Check your email addresses London, ( September 2–5, 1666 ), You are commenting your. 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